过去分词的变化规则,动词过去分词和过去的变形规律

动词过去分词和过去的变形规律:AAA型即原形、过去式和过去分词三者都相同。(共9个)cost—cost—costcut—cut—cuthit—hit—hithurt—hurt—hurtlet—let—letput—…

动词过去分词和过去的变形规律:

AAA型

即原形、过去式和过去分词三者都相同。(共9个)

cost—cost—cost

cut—cut—cut

hit—hit—hit

hurt—hurt—hurt

let—let—let

put—put—put

read—read—read(read的原形和过去式、过去分词读音不同[2])

set-set-set

shut-shut-shut

ABB型

过去式、过去分词相同。(共42个)

过去式和过去分词都含有-ought。(4个)

bring—brought—brought

buy—bought—bought

think—thought—thought

fight—fought—fought

词尾有-ild,-end时,只需把d变为t。(4个)

build—built—built

lend—lent—lent

send—sent—sent

spend—spent—spent

过去式、过去分词都含有-aught。(2个)

catch—caught—caught

teach—taught—taught

把-eep、-eel变为-ept、-elt。(4个)

keep—kept—kept

sleep—slept—slept

sweep—swept—swept

feel—felt—felt

把-ell变为-old。(2个)

tell—told—told

sell—sold—sold

把-ell、-ill变为-elt或-ilt。(3个)

smell—smelt—smelt

spell—spelt—spelt

spill—spilt—spilt

把-eed、-ead、-eet变为-ed或-et。(4个)

feed—fed—fed

lead—led—led

speed—sped—sped

meet—met—met

过去式、过去分词都在原形词尾加t。(6个)

learn—learnt—learnt

mean—meant—meant

spoil—spoilt—spoilt

burn—burnt—burnt

dream—dreamt—dreamt

deal—dealt—dealt

过去式、过去分词词尾去y变-id(3个)

say—said—said

pay—paid—paid

lay—laid—laid

变元音字母。(12个)

get—got—got

sit—sat—sat

find—found—found

hold—held—held

spit—spat—spat

shine—shone—shone

win—won—won

hang—hung—hung

dig—dug—dug

lose—lost—lost

改变辅音字母。(4个)

make—made—made

改变元、辅音字母。(4个)

leave—left—left

stand—stood—stood

have/has—had—had

understand—understood—understood

BC型

原形、过去式、过去分词都不相同。(共39个)

i—a—u变化。(7个)

begin—began—begun

drink—drank—drunk

sing—sang—sung

ring—rang—rung

swim—swam—swum

sink—sank—sunk

spring—sprang—sprung

词尾为-ow,-aw时,过去式将其变为-ew,过去分词在其原形后加n。(5个)

blow—blew—blown

draw—drew—drawn

grow—grew—grown

know—knew—known

throw—threw—thrown

(show除外)

词尾为“i+辅(1个)+e”,过去式将i变为o,过去分词多在原形后加n,若那个辅音字母为d或t,须双写d或t后加n。(4个)(give,hide除外)

drive—drove—driven

write—wrote—written

ride—rode—ridden

rise—rose—risen

过去分词在过去式后加n。(3个)

wake—woke—woken

speak-spoke-spoken

steal-stole-stolen

过去分词由过去式加-ten构成。(2个)

get-got-gotten/got

forget—forgot—forgotten

过去分词由原形加(e)n构成。(6个)

be—was(were)—been

eat—ate—eaten

fall—fell—fallen

give—gave—given

see—saw—seen

hide—hid—hidden(hid)

词尾为-ake时,过去式将其变为-ook,过去分词在原形词后加-n。(2个)

take—took—taken

mistake—mistook—mistaken

原形、过去式和过去分词都不相同。(6个)

do—did—done

fly—flew—flown

go—went—gone

lie—lay—lain

show—showed—shown

wear—wore—worn

词尾为-eak时,过去式将其变为-oke,过去分词在过去式后加-n。(2个)

break—broke—broken

speak—spoke—spoken

词中间为“oo+辅(1个)+e”或“ee+辅(1个)+e”,过去式将oo、ee变为o,过去分词在过去式后加-n。(2个)

choose—chose—chosen

freeze—froze—frozen

AAB型

过去式和原形相同。(1个)

beat—beat—beaten

ABA型

过去分词和原形相同。(共3个)

词中间为“o+辅+e”时,过去式将o变为a。(2个)

come—came—come

become—became—become

情态动词型

(除must)

只有原形和过去式,没有过去分词。(共4个)

can—could may—might will—would shall—should

must既没有过去式也没有过去分词

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